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Where Sun Embraces Day: Adıyaman

Area: 7,614 km2

Population: 590,935

# of Districts: 9

Districts: Adıyaman, Besni, Çelikhan, Gerger, Gölbaşı, Kâhta, Samsat, Sincik, Tut

Elevation: 669 meters

Primary resources: Tourism, agriculture, energy, oil

Handicraft: Carpets, rugs, savanna weaving, point lace, basketry, saddlery

There are highways connecting to Adıyaman from across Turkey.

Put into service in 1988, Adıyaman Airport receives regular flights.

Rail transport to Gölbaşı district is also available.

Adıyaman Hitab

Adıyaman Tava

Steak tartar a la Turca, and all sorts of pickles

Ice cream beside halva with cheese

Euphrates fish / Trout right next to the Euphrates in Kâhta

Besni Grape, better dry

Traditional hand woven Adıyaman rugs

Pure domestic Adıyaman Tobacco

Adıyaman Cheese, delicious both with and without salt

Nimrod sculpture souvenirs

See the 8th wonder of the world Mt. Nimrod, watch sunrise and sunset.

Have a feast of fish at the dam lakeside in Kâhta.

Visit Adıyaman Museum, see the “Golden Apple Award” given to Mt. Nimrod.

Shop at Oturakçı Bazaar and Şire Inn.

Wet your feet in the ice-cold water of the Euphrates.

Walk on the ancient Besni route.

Wash your face at the Roman Fountain in the village of Örenli, Perre.

Ashes of Therasa Goel, who conducted Nemrut excavations between 1953 and 1973, were delivered to Arsemia upon the bequest of Therasa Goel, and a movie was made about it.

Engagement ceremony of the daughter of Friedrich Karl Dörner, who conducted excavations with Therasa Goel between 1960 and 1981, was held in Arsemia.

Doğu Terası (Eastern Terrace) is the place where sunrise in Commagene was seen for the first time.

Adıyaman is the name of a territory where cultures merge together for thousands of years and it is the peak point of the territories mentioned in history as the “Fertile Crescent.”  They say the Sun never embraces the day as beautiful as it does in Adıyaman.

Hosting Hittite, Assyrian, Persian, Commagene, Roman, Byzantium, Umayyad, Abbasid, Seljuk and Ottoman Empires, Adıyaman preserves the traces of cultures in its heart and accumulates all colours engaging into its glory.

Dating back to 40,000 B.C. the Palanlı Cave, and Samosata which is the capital city of Kingdom of Commagene and 8th wonder of the world, and also Nemrut that is the sacred area of Commagene taking place in UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List, constitute only a part of this treasury accumulating on these territories.

Not only history makes this place as unique as it is. Ice-cold waters of the Euphrates is one of the most important rivers of Mesopotamia, welcoming you on arrival at Adıyaman and accompanying you during the entire journey.

It is important to remind that, famous for its attractive flowers such as “Fritillaria Imperialis” and “Fritillaria Persica”, Adıyaman awaits you.

You should also get to know Adıyaman cuisine that involves unique flavours. Such diversity… Çiğ köfte, stuffed meatballs, basalla (sour meatballs), Adıyaman Tava, dövmeç, çılbır, meatball with lentil, dried fruit roll-up, yapıştırma, hetab, cheesy semolina halva and of course meatless çiğ köfte that comes to mind when it comes to Adıyaman cuisine.

All these beauties are waiting to be discovered in Adıyaman which is the peak of "Fertile Crescent."

Points of Interest

Adıyaman Archaeological Museum hosts approximately 22,000 artefacts that have been revealed during the domestic and foreign rescue excavations carried out for years in Lower Euphrates Region. In addition to ethnographic ones, archaeological artefacts that have been revealed for a long period of time starting from the Palaeolithic Era till today all wait for their visitors at the museum.

Nemrut National Park is the host of a great heritage inherited from Commagene Civilization that was established early in 100 B.C. in the region where present-day Adıyaman is located.

Kingdom of Commagene continued its rule until A.D. 72 as a state of the Eastern Roman Empire after reigning for 141 years. Meaning "Community of Genes" in Greek, in parallel with its name, Commagene was the ancient name of a fertile country lying between the right coast of the Euphrates and the Taurus Mountain range, in which belief, culture and traditions of the Greek and Persian civilizations have been intertwined.

In addition to its natural beauties, Nemrut renders itself unique for the mausoleum of Antiochos I, one of the most powerful kings of Kingdom of Commagene and the sacred area with giant god/goddess statues, as well as the oldest and the largest horoscope (star map) of the world that reflects the synthesis of East & West, and a historical product of Anatolian-Macedonian and Persian influence.

Eski Kahta Kalesi – Ancient Castle of Kâhta (the New Castle) is surrounded by giant walls that have been existing since the Kingdom of Commagene, the empire that embraced the East and the West for thousands of years. In front of it, there lies the embossed stela of Mithras in the ceremony road in South that hosted the largest Ancient Greek tablet scripture of Anatolia and which is the summer capital city of the Kingdom. On the same platform, you can find Arsemia (Arsameia of Nymphaios) at 3.34 meters of height in that involves the handshaking scene of Antiochos-Heracles; Karakuş Tumulus, in other words Tumulus of Women; and also Cendere Bridge which is known to be one of the unique artefacts of Roman architecture and the second largest bridge of the world and still open to pedestrian traffic, are all still waiting for their visitors who would like to solve the mystery of East and West.

The artefacts from the Kingdom of Commagene are not located only in Mt. Nemrut National Park. Gerger Castle (Arsameia of Euphrates) drawing the attention with its giant embossment of Samos, father of Mitridathes Kallinikos, was built by Samos in 200 B.C. in the Western coast of the Euphrates, located out of the park area; together with Haydaran Rock Graves picturing a handshaking scene between the Sun God Helios and King Antiochos; Derik Sacred Area (Hereoon); and also Sofraz Tumulus Graves are all surrounded by three pairs of pillars each of which is approximately 10 meters high.  Dikilitaş (Sesonk) Mausoleum having a woman, a man and a lion embossment as well as Karadağ Tumulus are examples from other provincial kingdoms such as Perre that is also a must-see.

Located on the ancient road reaching the capital of Commagene, Samosata, from the north, Göksu Bridge is one of the places providing the opportunity of taking the most beautiful pictures of the Euphrates

What you can do in Adıyaman is not exclusively related to following traces of Commagene Civilization.

Tablet scripture of Malpınar takes you to the amazing world of Hittite Hieroglyphs.  Dating back to the Roman period, Turuş Kaya graves are maintained with the water from the city of Perre that is mostly known by its beauty, and from the fountain at the city square, which is active even today. With its minaret remnants of elegant mosques and bazaars of the Ottoman Empire, the Ancient Besni was one of the most important trade centers in the ancient periods, yielding a glorious picture of the millennial story of these soils.