Aqaba means a hard and steep passage that is human-made. It is estimated that Aqaba road which is one of the three passages in the world, was built in the Assyrian period. Some of the stone tiles starting from Botan River through a steep cliff on the road claiming towards Siirt, are still available in their previous place in their original status
Siirt Aqaba ancient caravan road is 6 meters wide and approximately 2 km long. The historical road was built by placing stones overlapping the road in parallel at every 3 meters with the purpose of preventing the stones from sliding off, and it has reached today under a great protection for centuries. This historical road connects Siirt city centre with Botan Valley/Watercourse and provides transportation to several countries primarily Iraq and Syria. According to Diyarbakır Travel Book that was written in late 19th century by Arifi Pasha, the road was often used at that time.
You can discover Aqaba Road in a nature walk that has been organized since 2014 on each April on Aqaba Road, and witness the unique natural beauty of the Valley of Botan.
The route starts from the road going towards Mir Yakup Monastery, by means of a thin but explicit pathway, until a breach seeing Botan Valley from above. After passing that, you can witness the unique landscape of the valley throughout the narrow passage that descends at the end. Stone tiles of Aqaba Road that are estimated to have been built by the Assyrians thousands of years ago, appear after reaching the ground of the valley. The highest point of the road is 910 meters above sea level whereas the lowest point is 620.
There is not any water source in Aqaba Road that takes 6,2 km, difficulty level of which is medium.