İçkale (Museum Complex)
The entrance to İçkale located inside city walls occurs with a 10-meter-wide sharp arch (Artuqid Belt, 1206-1207) with an embossment depicting "struggle of lion and bull". Amida Höyük which is located in northwest of İçkale, is the oldest settlement of Diyarbakır. In the excavations made in this hill town, in addition to the ruins from Bronze Age, the ruins from Roman and Ottoman Periods and ruins of an Artuqid Palace were revealed. Robots of Al-Jazari who was the founder of cybernetics were used in the Artuqid Palace.
Located inside of İçkale, the part composed of the Old Prison, Court Houses, St. George Church has been arranged as a museum complex today.
The first museum in Diyarbakır was opened in 1934 in Zinciriye Madrasah that belongs to the kulliye of Grand Mosque, and it was moved to a modern building in Elazığ in 1985, then moved to İçkale. Having moved to İçkale, the museum turned into a complex. The buildings around here were used as prison, 7th Army Corps Building, Gendarmerie Intelligence Building, Court Houses, Prosecutor Office, Treasury Attorneyship, Ataturk Museum and Library before.
The collection of Diyarbakır Museum is composed of artifacts from Neolithic Period at first, Ancient Bronze Age, Assyrian, Hurri-Mitanni, Urartu, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk, Artuqids, Aq Qoyunlu and Ottoman periods. Furthermore, it has a rich collection composed of Amid metallic coins and regional Ethnographic artifacts.
In addition to Çayönü, Hallançemi excavations in which very important findings from history of humanity were revealed, the findings of excavation works conducted on seventeen different settlements are exhibited thematically within the scope of Ilısu Dam rescue excavations initiated in 1998. Total of museum collection has 32.500 pieces and each has a study value.