Kasımiye Madrasah, glorious custodian of Mesopotamia.
Even if there is no inscription, it is known that the construction of Kasımiye Madrasah started in Artuqid Period and continued by Sultan Kasım in Aq Qoyunlus Period between 1487 and 1502. The madrasah that is regarded as the largest structure in Mardin, being two layered and having open yard in which cut stone and brick were used together, continues to embrace endless Mesopotamia Plain.
The madrasah which accomplished to stand until today, was used for several purposes. Symbols of astronomy and medical science are observed on the walls of the madrasah. There is a large pool in the arcaded yard of the madrasah. The water flowing from a couple of meters away from the pool, reaches to the pool by passing by hollow. This pool has been designed with an architectural approach in order to describe human life since birth to death.
Symbolizing birth the source of water, then a complete revival, point of accumulation, portraiture of senility and exhaustion following a spindly youth, and in the aftermath, tranquil venue depictive of death itself, and a pool of accumulation symbolizing the last judgement…
Once upon a time, it is known that astronomy lessons were thought when the stars were reflected on this pool. The height of the classroom door was kept a little more than one meter. In this way, the students hang their heads when they visit their teacher and remember that they need to pay tribute.
According to a legend of 600 years, the head of Kasım Sultan was cut by Timur in this madrasah. His sister in great distress takes the blood from the ground with her scarf and scattered it all over the walls in iwan part of the madrasa. These blood drops are still available on the walls of iwan.