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Rumkale

Moltke who visited Rumkale in 1838 described Rumkale in the best way. "It is very difficult to say where the rocks end up and the humanity starts."

Rumkale watching Mesopotamia over the steep rocks, draws the attention with its architecture in harmony with nature.  The aim of the special architecture of the castle is to break off the relationship between land and castle. In this way, Rumkale is called as a real defence castle.

In the castle located in 3500 m2 area, among the structures surviving today there are remains of city walls and towers at north and east, the Church of St. Nerses (1175), the Monastery of Barşavma (13. c.), a great deal of monument ruins, cisterns, 8 meters wide and almost 75 m. a spiral well going down to the Euphrates River.   

The reason why the city called as Hromgla was important in 11th century was that there was a myth that the Johannes, Apostle of Jesus Christ resided in Rumkale during Roman Period and copied his drafts of Holy Bible in a room carved in the rocks. Besides, the importance of the castle increased when Poet St. Nerses held meetings with the envoys of empires there in order to compound the sects.

Evliya Çelebi who visited Rumkale in 17th century, emphasized that Rumkale is a durable castle over a hill, and that it has a mosque inn, Turkish bath and bazaar outside, and that it has large number of gardens and fruits. All of these fruits were flooded under the waters of Birecik Dam Lake.

Spiritual leader of the Armenian Catholic Church organized in 18th century still has the reputation of being the Archbishop of Rumkale (Hromgla) and his office is in Beirut.

Do not forget to take photos of the unique beauty of Euphrates River in Rumkale.