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Suriçi

Suriçi is like a living museum just like İçkale. In Suriçi, there are adorable historical mosques, madrasahs, churches and elegant houses with yards.

Diyabakır hosts very beautiful historical mosques.

The most important mosques in Diyarbakır are; Hz. Süleyman Mosque (1156-1179) in which 27 believers were buried during the conquest of Diyarbakır; Nebi Mosque (1560) that was built with black and white stones during Aq Qoyunlu Period; Ulu Mosque that is the first mosque of Anatolia and the fifth Temple Mount of Islam and which involves the sun clock of al-Jazari in its garden; Miskli Mosque/Safa/Parlı/İparlı Mosque (Mid-15th century) that is open only on Fridays and that was built by adding seventy pack mules of scented plants cultivated around Diyarbakır to the construction of its minaret; Dört Ayaklı Minare ve Şeyh Mutahhar Mosque (1500), the only example in Anatolia which rests on four columns, each of these columns represent four sects of Islam and  quadruped minaret represents Islam religion; Kurşunlu Mosque/Bıyıklı Mehmet Paşa Mosque (1516-1520) with its small and elegant domes; as a monument of Mimar Sinan Period, Melek Ahmet Paşa Mosque (1587-1591)  with its blue tiles and İskenderpaşa Mosque (1587-1591); Behrampaşa Camisi (1564-1572) regarded as one of the apprenticeship work of Mimar Sinan (1564-1572) and Ali Paşa Mosque and Madrasah.

Built adjacently to Grand Mosque in Artuqid Period, Mesudiye Madrasah (1198-1223) was the most popular university of the period in which Islam and science education were taught. Used as a manuscript library today, the madrasah’s importance in terms of architectural aspect is that it has rotating basalt pillars placed on both two sides of mihrab. These pillars were mounted with the purpose of identifying any collapse or sliding that may take place anywhere on the structure as a result of ground motions. This mechanism is a wonder of statics.

As one of the most cosmopolitan cities at east during Ottoman Period, Diyarbakır still bears the traces from those days with its churches and synagogues that are still available. Apart from Mar Gevergis Church (St. Georges, 400 A.D.) used as exhibition hall today, Surp Giragos Armenian Church (1376), Virgin Mary Assyrian Archaic Church (300 A.D.) and Mer Petyun Keldani Catholic Church (17th century) are still used.

Ancient Diyarbakır is still alive with its mansions (Sem'an Mansion and Erdebil Mansion), inns, (breakfast shops, cafes and shops selling souvenirs and Hasan Pasha Inn dating back to 1575; Sülük Inn dating back to 1683 that is again used as cafe and bookstore and Deliller Inn dating back to 1527 turned into a hotel), mansions that were turned into museums (Cemil Paşa Mansion, Cahit Sıtkı Tarancı House, Ziya Gökalp House, Dengbej House), markets (Wheat Bazaar, Aşefciler, Sipahi Bazaar, Cheese Bazaar, Jewellery Bazaar), küçe (very narrow streets) and stone houses with internal yards and iwans.